In recent years, the advancements in technology have allowed for the development and use of non-woven fabric machine. This kind of machine can greatly benefit companies working with fabrics as it helps to automate certain processes, making production faster and more efficient. This blog explores the different components of these machines, as well as their advantages and disadvantages.
What are Non Wovens?
Nonwoven fabric is a fabric-like material made from long fibers, bonded together by mechanical, heat or solvent treatment. The term is used in the textile manufacturing industry to denote fabrics, such as felt, which are neither woven nor knitted. Some nonwoven materials lack sufficient strength unless densified or reinforced by a backing. In general, there are four main types of nonwovens:
1. Spunbond Nonwovens
This type of nonwoven is made by laying down continuous filaments or fibers onto a moving belt in an overlapping fashion and then bonding them together by applying heat and pressure. Spunbond nonwovens are strong and offer good dimensional stability, making them suitable for a variety of applications including medical products, construction materials, agriculture, furniture and packaging.
2. Meltblown Nonwovens
Meltblown nonwovens are made by extruding molten polymer through small nozzles onto a moving belt where they instantly solidify into very fine fibers. These fibers are then laid down randomly on top of each other to form the nonwoven fabric. Because of their extremely fine diameter (usually < 10 microns), meltblown fibers have unique properties including complete filterability, high surface area to volume ratio and excellent absorbency that make them ideal for use in face masks and other personal protective equipment (PPE).
2. Airlaid Nonwovens
Airlaid nonwovens are made from a web of fibers that are bonded together by heat and pressure. The resulting material is strong and absorbent, making it ideal for use in a variety of industries. Airlaid nonwovens are used in everything from diapers and feminine hygiene products to industrial applications like filtration and insulation. The material is also finding its way into new applications, such as battery separators and acoustical paneling.The global airlaid nonwovens market is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 5.4% from 2016 to 2024, according to Transparency Market Research. This growth is being driven by the increasing demand for disposable hygiene products, as well as new applications for airlaid nonwovens in the automotive and construction industries.
Types of Nonwoven Fabric Equipment
Different types of nonwoven fabric equipment are used to produce various types of nonwoven fabrics. The three main types of nonwoven fabric machines are the carding machine, the spinning machine, and the bonding machine.
The carding machine is used to break up and align the fibers in a web so that they can be further processed. The spinning machine is used to twist the fibers together to form a yarn or thread. The bonding machine is used to join the fibers together to form a nonwoven fabric.
Current Challenges to the Development of New Non-Woven
There are several challenges that currently impede the development of new non woven fabric machines. Firstly, the market for non woven fabrics is relatively small and fragmented, which makes it difficult to justify the investment required to develop new machines. Secondly, the existing technology for producing non woven fabrics is already quite sophisticated and there are few remaining improvements that can be made without a major breakthrough. Finally, many end users of non woven fabrics are still unfamiliar with the benefits of this technology and so are unwilling to invest in new machinery.
Impact of the Development of New Non Wovens on the Market
Non-woven fabrics are made from fibers that are bonded together by mechanical, thermal or chemical means. They are used in a variety of applications, including upholstery, filters, geotextiles and medical products.
The development of new non-wovens has had a significant impact on the market. The most notable developments have been in the area of medical non-wovens. Medical non-wovens are used in a wide range of applications, including bandages, wound dressings and surgical gowns.
The development of new materials and processes has led to the production of lighter, stronger and more absorbent medical non-wovens. This has resulted in better patient outcomes and reduced costs for healthcare providers.