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The Changing Landscape of Global Textile Consumption

The Indonesian Ministry of Industry has taken a bold step towards promoting sustainable practices in the textile and garment production sector. Introducing the Green Industrial Standard Certificate, the Ministry aims to create awareness and encourage environmentally friendly approaches within the industry.

Manufacturers in the textile and apparel sector now undergo a stringent certification process conducted by the Green Industry Certification Institute. This process ensures that companies comply with green industry standards, focusing particularly on aspects like fabric dyeing and printing.

To support and guide textile and garment industries in adopting sustainable production practices, the Ministry of Industry has established various centers. These centers serve as valuable resources for companies looking to enhance their commitment to environmentally conscious manufacturing.

The impact of the green industry certification program, evaluated in 2022, demonstrates significant positive outcomes. The evaluation reveals a commendable 37% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, a 21% improvement in water efficiency, and a 28% increase in energy efficiency.

Collaborating with the Government Goods & Services Procurement Policy Institute (LKPP), the Ministry of Industry has played a pivotal role in formulating a green catalog. This catalog identifies locally produced environmentally friendly products, and various government ministries, departments, and agencies prioritize purchasing items listed in it.

The global demand for textile fibers has seen a consistent annual increase of 3% over the past two decades. In 2000, global fiber consumption stood at 53.1 million tons, and by 2001, it had risen to 53.4 million tons. Forecasts suggest a continued growth rate of 3% annually, requiring an additional 2 million tons per year, equivalent to establishing 15 to 20 new world-scale factories.

Analyzing the composition of global textile fiber consumption in 2000, chemical fibers accounted for 60%, with polyester making up 35.9% of that share. Cotton consumption represented 37.3% of the total, while wool accounted for 2.6%. Predictions for the next decade indicate an annual growth rate of 4.4% for world textile fibers, with polyester expected to grow at an average annual rate of 6%.

In the ten years following 1997, global trade in industrial textiles and fibers is projected to increase from one-third to over 50% of the entire fiber industry. This surge in market demand is anticipated to drive countries to intensify efforts in the development of industrial textiles and fibers to stay competitive.

As industrial fibers become vital raw materials for the manufacturing industry, their applications are expanding, replacing metals, plastics, paper, and asbestos. The global market, particularly in countries like the United States, Japan, and the European Union, is witnessing substantial growth in industrial fiber consumption and trade, expected to exceed 10% annually in the next decade for China.

The global textile industry's structure and regional distribution are undergoing adjustments, with a widening gap between market demand and local production in various regions. Developed countries are expected to focus on high-tech textile products, competing through technology, added value, and business monopolies, while labor-intensive enterprises may shift to developing countries. In this dynamic landscape, sustainable practices, as advocated by initiatives like the Green Industrial Standard Certificate, are crucial for the future of the textile and garment industry.

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