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Types and Functions of Woven Fabrics

Weaving machine is a machine type that is used to weave fabrics, which differs from the forms of its shuttles. And the fabric produced by the weaving machine is called woven fabric, the name comes from its weaving methods.

Woven fabric is the most common material applied in clothing, garments, home decoration, furniture covering purposes such as carpets. And different interweaving methods can form different fabric weaves and fabric patterns.

What Is The Fabric Weave?

The yarns are interlaced in the warp and weft directions, which is the general operation of weaving. Original fabric weave is the basis of another complex fabric weave in the fabric weave, which can be divided into 3 types: plain weave, twill weave and satin weave.

1. Plain Weave

Plain weave is that the warp and weft yarns of the fabric are intertwined the most, it has a flat surface, stiff body, firm texture and a tight appearance, however, the feeling of plain weave is not as soft as others, and usually has poor elasticity.

weaving machine

Common plain weave fabrics are as follows:

Cotton: Muslin, Plain, Coarse, Poplin, Canvas, Etc.

Linen: Summer Cloth, Linen Cloth, Sackcloth, Etc.

Silk: Taffeta, Electricity Texture(Habotai), Georgette

Wood: Palace, Tropical Suiting, Tweed, Etc.

2. Twill Weave

Twill weave generally has a better softness and luster than plain weave because of a few interweaving points of warp and weft, but twill weave has poor abrasion resistance. In the case of the same density of warp and weft yarns, the strength of twill is not as strong as that of plain weave, so the twill weave in factories generally increases the density of warp and weft yarns and improves its strength.

weaving machine

Common twill weave fabrics are as follows:

Cotton: Twill, Khaki, Denim, Etc.

Wood: Serge, Gabardine, Semifinish, Uniform Cloth, Etc.

Silk: Silk Twill, Rayon Lining Twill, Etc.

3. Satin Weave

Only long warp floating yarns or weft floating yarns can be seen on the satin weave due to the fewest interlacing points of warp and weft it has, it has no warp and weft interweaving points, and no oblique or straight lines. Its cloth surface is smooth and even, full of luster, soft texture, but poor abrasion resistance, easy to fluff and snag.

weaving machine

Common twill weave fabrics are as follows:

Cotton: Satin Drill, Sateen

Wood: Venetian

Silk: Tapestry Satin, Floral Satin, Crepe Satin, Brocade, Etc.

How To Produce The Woven Fabric?

The above fabrics are all woven by weaving machine. Common weaving machine include shuttle looms and shuttleless looms: shuttle looms are looms that use traditional shuttles (wood or plastic shuttles) for weft insertion. But the shuttle of loom is large in size and heavy in weight, and is repeatedly projected by exchanges, so that shuttle weaving machine has large vibration, high noise, slow speed and low efficiency. With the development of weaving machine, shuttleless loom is more popular~ There are various ways of weft insertion on shuttleless looms, including rapier, jet (air jet, water jet), projectile, multi-shed (multi-phase) and weaving.

Common Weaving Machine

Common weaving machine are rapier weaving machine ,water jet weaving machine and air jet weaving machine:

1. Rapier Loom/Rapier Weaving Machine

Use rigid or flexible rapier heads, belts to hold and guide the weft. In addition to being suitable for weaving plain and textured fabrics, rapier looms are characterized by easy color change, suitable for multi-color weft fabrics, and are suitable for the production of yarn-dyed, double-layer fleece fabrics, terry fabrics and decorative fabrics.

2. Air-jet Loom(water jet weaving machine)

The weft yarn is pulled by the jet of compressed air, and the weft yarn is taken through the shed. Air-jet looms are characterized by high speed and high labor productivity, and are suitable for the production of plain and textured fabrics, fine and extra-high-density fabrics and fabrics in large batches.

3. Water-jet Loom(Air-jet Weaving Machine)

Using water as the weft insertion medium, the weft yarn on the fixed bobbin is introduced into the shed by the frictional traction force on the weft yarn by the jet of water. The water jet loom has the characteristics of high speed and high unit output, and is mainly suitable for the production of hydrophobic filament chemical fiber fabrics with a smooth surface.

SUNTECH can now provide super speed rapier looms, the maximum speed can reach 800rpm/min and other jacquard machines. It is suitable for weaving various widths and various types of fabrics. Using famous components like Swiss Stäubli dobby shaft to make sure high-quality machine. In addition, SUNTECH can also provide a weaving factory with a wide range of fabric inspection machines, fabric rolling machines, beam trolleys, cloth roll doffing trolleys and automatic beam stackers. If you are interested in it, feel free to contact us.